Categorized | Anxiety

Battling Anxiety: Anxiety Attack Information Sheet

Anxiety attacks information

Anxiety attacks information is essential to battle out the disorder. Looking at the word ‘anxiety’ can already make a person anxious. Anxiety is one of the many feelings a person experiences throughout his daily life. It is a normal emotion. It comes at the most inconvenient times – during a job interview, an exam or a date. However, if these attacks become more frequent, repeated and prolonged, the mere feeling of anxiety may have evolved into a panic attack or disorder.

Anxiety disorders are a set of mental disorders that mainly has a symptom of an overwhelming feeling of fear, anxiety, and worry. However, aside from this feeling, it is also accompanied by physical signs and symptoms such as shortness of breath, palpitations and shaking.

According to scientific studies, about 12% of the world population suffers from panic disorders and panic attacks each year. This anxiety attacks information sheet contains material on the types, signs, and symptoms, causes and possible treatment for the said group of mental disorders.


Anxiety attacks and disorders have around 10 classifications namely Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Specific Phobias, Panic Disorder, Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Post-traumatic Panic Disorder, Separation Anxiety Disorder, Situational Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Selective Mutism. However, this anxiety attacks information sheet will only discuss three of them, namely – Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

In Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), the patient is distracted with constant worries and fears of day-to-day activities. These activities are usually just normal in nature, however, the patient has an overwhelming feeling of fear and worry towards it. The GAD persists for long periods of time and may peak during stressful situations.

People with Social Anxiety Disorder have a hard time dealing with large crowds. These people fear of socializing with other people. Stage fright or performance anxiety is the most common form of social anxiety disorder.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is characterized by the lack of control due to unwanted thoughts and worries. People suffering from these often worry that they might have done something wrong or something hurtful to others such as forgetting to turn the stove off or forgotten to turn off the lights. People suffering from OCD may even at times, perform something over and over again to make sure that they did it right.

Signs and Symptoms

Those suffering from General Anxiety Disorder may experience the following: fatigue, irritability, muscle tension, difficulty sleeping, restlessness and feeling of being on the edge or wound-up and difficulty in concentrating.

People suffering from Social Anxiety Disorder may feel clammy, nauseated and shaky when faced with a dreaded task. They may also experience blushing, trembling and profuse sweating. They may feel self-conscious and anxious around people. They also have a hard time making friends or stay away from people altogether.

Those suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder may have the urge to constantly check and count certain things. They also repeatedly arrange and clean items. They may experience repeatedly doing certain habits usually against their will.


The causes of panic attacks and disorders are still generally unclear. A study on a compilation of anxiety attacks information, however, reveals that this may run in the family especially for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

Some scientists also suggest that it can be triggered by a combination of environmental stress and changes in the brain. Studies show that prolonged stress and worry can change the make-up of the nerves in the brain thereby causing these panic attacks and disorders.

Use of stimulants such as drugs, caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol are also contributors. Withdrawal from such substances can also cause panic attacks and disorders.


The following treatments suggested by this anxiety attack information sheet are just general ones. It is still advisable to consult a physician for further diagnosis and better treatment plans.

Engage in self-help treatment care plans. Self-help treatment plans usually comprise the practice of breathing exercises and techniques, regular exercise and healthy eating. The body releases a chemical called endorphins after exercising. Endorphins are called happy hormones and help in uplifting one’s spirit.  Getting a good night’s sleep is also a good way to reduce stress, fear, and anxiety.

As aforementioned, the intake of stimulants such as drugs, alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine are contributors to panic attacks and disorders. It is, therefore, advisable to cut down or permanently cut off these substances from your system.

Doctors also prescribe certain medications such as beta-blockers, anti-anxiety medications such as Benzodiazepines and antidepressants. Aside from these medications, patients may also opt to do therapy sessions such as exposure therapy and cognitive behavior therapy.

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